How to Deal with Gazumping

Gazumping is a term that’s all too familiar in the UK property market, often bringing with it a mix of frustration and disappointment. Understanding what gazumping is, its implications, and how to navigate this challenging scenario can be vital for both buyers and sellers in the property market.

What is Gazumping?

Gazumping occurs when a seller accepts a higher offer from a new buyer, despite having already agreed to a sale with someone else. This typically happens before the exchange of contracts, leaving the initial buyer out in the cold. It’s a legal yet controversial practice, as the verbal agreement between the seller and the first buyer isn’t legally binding until contracts are exchanged.

When Does Gazumping Occur?

Gazumping is more common in a seller’s market where demand outstrips supply. When property prices are rising, sellers might be tempted by higher offers. It often happens in the period between the seller accepting an offer and the exchange of contracts, which can sometimes take several weeks or even months.

Dealing with Gazumping as a Buyer

Act Quickly

Speed is of the essence in property transactions. Ensure your mortgage is in principle agreed and have a solicitor ready to act quickly. The less time between your offer being accepted and the exchange of contracts, the lower the risk of being gazumped.

Communication is Key

Maintain a good relationship with the estate agent and the seller. Regular communication can keep you informed about any potential higher offers and demonstrate your commitment to the purchase.

Lock-in Agreements

Consider asking for a lock-in agreement, where both parties pay a deposit which is forfeited if either party backs out.


Gazumping insurance can protect you from some of the financial losses incurred if you’re gazumped.

Dealing with Gazumping as a Seller

Ethical Considerations

While gazumping is legal, consider the ethical implications. The initial buyer may have incurred costs and have an emotional investment in the property.

Communicate Transparently

If you receive a higher offer, communicate transparently with your original buyer. Give them a chance to match or exceed the new offer.

Consider the Risks

The new buyer might not be as reliable or proceed as quickly as your original buyer. Weigh the benefits of a higher offer against the risks of the sale falling through.

Prevention Strategies

Speed Up the Process

The longer the process takes, the higher the risk of gazumping. Work with efficient solicitors and estate agents to speed up the transaction.

Build Relationships

A good relationship between buyers, sellers, and estate agents can reduce the likelihood of gazumping. Trust and communication can be as important as the financial aspect of the transaction.

Legal Agreements

Though not common in the UK, some countries use legal agreements to bind the sale after an offer is accepted, reducing the risk of gazumping.

Gazumping can be a distressing experience, but being aware and prepared can help mitigate its impacts. Whether you are a buyer or a seller, understanding the process, maintaining good communication, and acting swiftly are key to navigating the challenges of gazumping.